Karl marxs theory of alienation describes the estrangement entfremdung of people from aspects of their gattungswesen species essence as a consequence of living in a society of stratified social classes the alienation from the self is a consequence of being a mechanistic part of a social class the condition of which estranges a person . Marx on alienated labour herbert marcuse 1941 reification of people and the fetishism of commodities raya dunayevskaya 1943 the theory of alienation marxs debt to hegel raya dunayevskaya alienation george novack fetishism george novack alienation in capitalist society cornelius castoriadis 1955 the alienation of modern man. A page in the encyclopedia of marxism the concept of alienation is deeply embedded in all the great religions and social and political theories of the civilised epoch namely the idea that some time in the past people lived in harmony and then there was some kind of rupture which left people feeling like foreigners in the world but some . Birth of alienation theory developed by karl marx the theory of alienation or entfremdung posits that capitalism has distorted the human relations that are not controlled by the participants themselves. The second of these critiques maintains that capitalism is essentially exploitative 1 this essay focuses specifically on marxs theory of alienation which rests on marxs specific claims about both economics and human nature 1 marxs analysis of capitalism for marx the idea of the means of production is a crucial economic category
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